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Afrasian Research Centre-Third World Studies Center (TWSC) Joint Research Forum at Manila (Feb. 4. 2013)


Group 1 will be holding an International Joint Research Forum with Third World Studies Center(University of the Philippines) on February 4, 2013 at University of the Philippines, Manila.


2013 Afrasia Migration Forum.jpg



Governance of International Migration: Perspectives of Sending Countries

Afrasian Research Centre-Third World Studies Center (TWSC) Joint Research Forum

04 February 2013 Monday 9:00 am – 11:45 am

Third World Studies Center (TWSC) Conference Room, CSSP

University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City



(Updated on 28 Jan. 2013)

9:00 – 9:30                       Registration


9:30 – 9:40                       Opening Remarks (TBC)

                                         Michael L. Tan, PhD,

                                         Dean, College of Social Sciences and Philosophy,

                                         University of the Philippines-Diliman


9:40 - 9:50                        Introduction of Speakers

                                         Ma. Reinaruth D. Carlos PhD

                                         Professor, Ryukoku University, Japan


9:50-10:30                      Presentations

                                        1.  “The Governance of International Migration”

                                             Jorge V. Tigno, DPA

                                             Associate Professor  Department of Political Science,

                                             College of Social Sciences and Philosophy,

                                             University of the Philippines-Diliman


                                        2. “Migration Governance: Harmonizing the Interests of the Labor-

                                             Sending Countries with those of Labor-Receiving Countries”

                                             Habibul H. Khondker, PhD

                                             Professor, Zayed University, Abu Dhabi, U.A.E.


10:30-11:00                     Comments

                                        1.  Maria Ela Atienza, PhD

                                             Director, Third World Studies Center (TWSC)

                                             Associate Professor, Department of Political Science

                                             College of Social Sciences and Philosophy,

                                             University of the Philippines-Diliman


                                        2.  Jean Encinas-Franco, PhD

                                             Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science

                                             College of Social Sciences and Philosophy,

                                             University of the Philippines-Diliman


                                        3.  Chizuko Sato, PhD

                                             Researcher, JETRO- Institute of Developing Economies , Japan


11:00-11:35                    Open Forum


11:35-11:45                     Synthesis

                                        Aysun Uyar, PhD

                                        Assistant Professor, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Japan



Aysun Uyar, PhD

Chizuko Sato, PhD





The Governance of International Migration

Jorge V. Tigno, DPA

Department of Political Science

University of the Philippines


The (national) governance of international migration raises some serious concerns about the integrity and sovereignty of states. International migration poses a challenge to states primarily because of the numerous tensions that exist between the local / national, the international, and the global / transnational. This is one reason why there's a high degree of uncertainty, ambiguity, or ad hoc-ness manifested in the migration policies of states whether they are in destination or in sending areas. State governance of international migration is such a daunting project that it requires strenuous efforts on the part of the national government to steer or direct the phenomenon towards the attainment of national development goals. At the global level migration governance requires serious consideration of commonalities and similarities (which are few) but also attempts to overcome the differences and the specificities within each country (which are many). Any attempt to craft a national migration governance framework much incorporate a coherent set of national  goals through which the governance experience itself might be evaluated including consistencies with existing global norms and best practices.



Migration Governance: Harmonizing the Interests of the Labor-Sending Countries with those of Labor-Receiving  Countries

Habibul H. Khondker, PhD

Professor,Zayed University, Abu Dhabi, U.A.E


In this paper  I explore migration governance by considering whether the interests of the labor-sending countries with those of labor-receiving countries can be harmonized. I would consider the cases of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), a labor receiving country and those of Bangladesh, a labor-sending country. Rapid infrastructural and socio-economic developments in the UAE combined with the demographic realities of the country led to the reliance of temporary contract workers from various labor-surplus Asian countries. While temporary migrant workers they play an important role in the UAE economy and through their remittances also play a major role in their respective national economies, their conditions often remain precarious.

Improvement in the governance of the temporary labor migration can be of great benefit both for the stake-holders involved, namely, the labor receiving country, the labor sending countries and also the contract laborers. The UAE government has taken leadership in this regard by initiating the Abu Dhabi Dialogue in January 2008 in partnership with International Organization for Migration (IOM) where all the major stake-holders were present: the representatives of the labor sending countries, labor receiving countries, international NGOs such as Human Rights Watch, IGOs like IOM, ILO, etc.

Since the late 1970s Bangladesh has been a labor sending country vis-à-vis the UAE. As many as 700,000 Bangladeshis now work in the UAE dominating the construction and other labor-intensive work. Bangladesh government has shown keen interest in promoting labor-migration as a strategy for national development. Income from remittance has continued to soar in recent years reaching 12 billion US dollars in 2012.

To improve governance a clearer understanding of the best practices in each of the labor sending countries and learning from each other’s experiences is of utmost importance.